A Simple Guide to Bootstrap and Its Components.

Essentially in web development, Bootstrap is a very commonly used term. Bootstrap is one of the most popular web development frameworks out there. It is known to be the single most used framework for developing highly-responsive projects in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Bootstrap is a front-end framework that enables developers as well as designers to quickly build fully responsive websites.

What is Bootstrap?

In other words, Bootstrap is a massive collection of reusable and versatile pieces of code which are written in CSS, HTML and JavaScript. Since it is also a framework, all the foundations are already laid for responsive web development, and all developers have to do is insert the code into the pre-defined grid system. It reduces the time take to get a modern website up and running.

The official Bootstrap describes Bootstrap to be:

“The most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.”

It saves you up on the time taken to write a lot of CSS code and gives you more time to spend on designing. By using a framework like Bootstrap, you will know for sure that your design is consistent, and no cross-browser issues will be encountered. What’s more is that Bootstrap is absolutely FREE! And is currently hosted by GitHub. You can download it here.

Different Components

Bootstrap consists of components that can be reused to offer good user experience and user interactions in a web page.

1) Glyphicons

These are the font formatted icons that are available in Bootstrap. They are about 200 in number. There are used to denote almost all actions like zoom, edit, warning, file, delete, etc. and they are defined in an individual class.

2) Dropdowns

 Dropdowns are toggleable, contextual overlays for displaying lists of links and more. They’re made interactive with the included Bootstrap dropdown JavaScript plugin. Dropdowns are toggled by clicking, not by hovering; this is an intentional design decision.

3) Button groups 

With this Bootstrap component you can group a set of buttons together in a series adjacent to each other.

4) Button dropdowns

Through this component you can employ a button element to trigger a dropdown.

5) Input groups

Through this element you can enhance an input by adding an icon, text or a button in front or behind the input field as a “help text”.

6)  Navbar 

 These components serve as the navigation headers for your web site. 

7) Jumbotron

This is a bootstrap component that can extend over the full screen (or viewport) to show some key content.

8) Alerts

This is a Bootstrap component with a jQuery plugin that provides contextual feedback messages depending upon the user action. 

9) Progress bars

This component is used to provide the visuals on the feedback on the progress of work or action with a progress bar.

10) Badges

This is a component to highlight something like unread items by adding the class .badge to the DOM element, preferably a span.

11) Pagination

Pagination is a simple navigation method that lets you split a huge amount of content within your tables into smaller parts.

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